Friday, 23 June 2017

Francesco Villamena’s engraving (1603) after Michelangelo’s fresco, “The Last Judgement” (1535–41)


Francesco Villamena (1564–1624)
“The Last Judgement”, 1603, after Michelangelo’s (1475–1564) fresco in the Sistine Chapel.
Engraving on laid paper.

Size: (sheet) 27.4 x 22.3 cm; (plate) 22.4 x 17.3 cm
Inscribed within the image borderline at lower left: “Mich.Ang. / bonarota inué.”
Lettered below the image borderline: “Videbύt filium hominis uenientem in nubibus cœli cύ uirtute multa et maiestate. Matth.xxiiij.” (See the Son of man coming in the clouds of heaven with power and great glory. Matthew [24:30])

Nagler 48 (G K Nagler 1858, “Die Monogrammisten”, 5 vols, Munich)

Condition: strong impression and based on the crisp quality of the lines it is most likely a lifetime impression with relatively wide margins varying in size from 1.7 cm on the left to 3.5 cm on the right side. The image area is almost perfect with only minor (i.e. nearly invisible) stains and the margins show only light signs of handling and two small worm holes (at lower left) that are well away from the image.

I am selling this remarkable document of how Michelangelo’s masterpiece was perceived by a well-known engraver in 1603 for AU$252 (currently US$190.09/EUR170.30/GBP150.17 at the time of this listing) including postage and handling to anywhere in the world.
If you are interested in purchasing this very early graphic translation of the famous fresco in the Sistine Chapel, please contact me (oz_jim@printsandprinciples.com) and I will send you a PayPal invoice to make the payment easy.


This is the second interpretative print of Michelangelo’s famous painting that I am showing (see my earlier discussion of Léonard Gaultier’s print: http://www.printsandprinciples.com/2016/10/leonard-gaultiers-17th-century.html) and in my next listing I will show a third version. What I find fascinating about each artist’s attempt to use only black lines to reproduce the huge colour fresco is not just that the painting looks very different in the copies—I would be very disappointed if they all looked identical!—but rather that the mindset of each artist is so accessible by studying their interpretations.

In Villamena’s copy, for example, the comparatively wide gaps between lines and the insensitivity in the modelling of the figures—a value judgement based solely on my personal opinion—suggests that this artist was geared to create his plate in a hurry for the ready market of folk interested in Michelangelo’s painting at the time. My reading of the artist’s mindset to use the print for monetary gain is arguably supported by the decorative frame of egg-and-dart ornamentation that Villamena has added to the image to make Michelangelo’s painting more attractive—at least to Villamena’s way of thinking.

Of course, just because an artist may have the mission to make money out of a print does not mean that the artwork is handled in a completely perfunctory way. Certainly, in the case of this print the aesthetic mindset that crafted the image is clear. Note, for example, how Villamena understood Michelangelo’s notion of compositional flow so that the groupings of figures create interlocking rhythms giving visual coherence to the image—a clarity in Villamena’s articulation of rhythms that is not so apparent in Léonard Gaultier’s version. Note also how Villamena has consciously used light and shade to simplify what may otherwise have been a complicated seething mass of figures into groups modelled with tone like a bas-relief.






Wednesday, 21 June 2017

Xavier de Dananche’s etching, “Paysage Antique”, c.1870


Xavier de Dananche (1828–94)
“Paysage Antique”, c.1870, most likely published by Cadart (see note below) for the Société des Aquafortistes and printed by Auguste Delâtre (1822–1907). Note: my proposal of who published and printed this etching is based on the artist’s usual practice and his membership with the Société des Aquafortistes.

Etching on cream chine collé with full margins as published (presumably by either Cadart & Luquet or more likely Cadart & Luce as the partnership between Alfred Cadart and Jules Luquet ended in 1867 and Luquet was replaced with Léandre Luce c.1870)

Size: (sheet) 35.5 x 25.6 cm; (plate) 20 x 12.6 cm
Lettered below the image borderline at (left) “XAVIER DANA … [“N” in reverse]CHE SC.”; (partly erased and very faint at centre) “PAYSAGE ANTIQUE”; (right in script) “Xavier de Dananche”

Condition: richly inked impression in near faultless condition with generous margins.

I am selling this very poetic and beautiful etching by a pupil of the legendary Corot for AU$82 (currently US$62.01/EUR55.63/GBP48.84 at the time of this listing) including postage and handling to anywhere in the world.
If you are interested in purchasing this print inspired by a classical past, please contact me (oz_jim@printsandprinciples.com) and I will send you a PayPal invoice to make the payment easy.


Although this etching leans heavily towards the classical tradition with regard to the portrayed pair of figures in the foreground presented as bare breasted followed in the distance by what I assume to be a satyr (also bare breasted), the free handling of the drawing is far from academic. Indeed, I see much more of Corot— Xavier de Dananche’s distinguished teacher—in the breadth of the approach used to draw the scene.

What I mean here by “breadth” is the way that the artist has captured an overall effect of what can be seen rather than representing each landscape feature as being visually distinct and separate to the next. In short, I have a strong suspicion that this etching was inscribed on the plate out-of-doors rather than in the studio in accordance with Corot’s approach of direct observation when creating an image.

Not all of the line-work shown in this print, however, is stylistically well-integrated and it is certainly not as integrated as may be seen in Corot drawings or one of his rare etchings or cliché verre prints (see for example the superb cliché verre by Corot that I have listed earlier: http://www.printsandprinciples.com/2017/01/corots-cliche-verre-print-little-sister.html). For instance, I see the very close attention to detail shown in the rendering of the far distant trees as being quite different in mindset to the hand that executed the rest of the composition—a case of stylistic inconsistency where I wouldn’t be surprised to learn that the distant features in the print were drawn in the studio. 





Tuesday, 20 June 2017

Early woodblock print, “Pilgrim’s map of Nunobiki waterfall(s) in Kobe”, c.1868


六溪写 [Roku Kei Utsushi No] (late Edo Period)
“Pilgrim’s map of Nunobiki waterfall(s) in Kobe”, c.1868

Woodcut print on fine washi paper lined onto a conservator’s support sheet.
Size: (sheet) 49.5 x 35 cm
Stamped with a collection seal (transl. “Big West’s Book Collection”) and inscribed with cardinal orientation notes, temple sites, the height of the waterfall (18 zhang?), the title of the map (transl. “Ban [broad] Temple, Sheng Long [Winning Dragon] Mountain Distribution [Map]”) and lines of descriptive text.

Condition: a large woodblock print on exceptionally fine paper that was once folded and repaired and is now flattened and laid upon a conservator’s support sheet. The early repairs to corners of the folds are still visible and there are repairs to early wormholes.

I am selling this early, VERY RARE and large woodblock pilgrim’s map for AU$93 (currently US$70.86/EUR63.51/GBP55.78 at the time of this listing) including postage and handling to anywhere in the world.
If you are interested in purchasing this spectacular print, please contact me (oz_jim@printsandprinciples.com) and I will send you a PayPal invoice to make the payment easy.


My knowledge about this woodcut map of a mountainous region with waterfalls in Japan is very thin. Nevertheless, rather than offering no thoughts at all about what can be seen—mindful that I have been unable to find any reference to this map—I have decided to attempt the crazy idea of proposing what it shows. 

I suspect—and again I need to say clearly that I really don’t know for certain—that this is a temple map designed for pilgrims travelling to the sacred Nunobiki waterfall(s) in Kobe. Certainly, the main waterfall portrayed in this print looks like the Nunobiki waterfall (see http://www.world-of-waterfalls.com/asia-nunobiki-waterfall.html) which I understand means “draped white cloth”, but there are other waterfalls that have a similar appearance (e.g. the Nachi waterfalls). 

One feature of the map that should be an important key site is the lower cartouche/text-box that my Chinese mate tells me is an inscription about “female turtle”. This reference fits well with my idea that the region encouraged female pilgrims, but I understand that only the Nachi falls has an ancient temple dedicated to the turtle (I hope my term “dedicated” is not too inappropriate) revered for longevity, support and good fortune. If my idea is correct, my friend also mentioned that the cartouche near the top of the waterfall signifies “male dragon”. For me this relationship between turtle and dragon fits perfectly with the legend of the fisherman, Urashima, who set up home in the Dragon Kingdom but becomes homesick for the seaside. On leaving to return to the sea, Urashima was given a chest but is told by the Dragon folk not to open it on his trip. When he arrives at his seaside hometown he is amazed to find that everything has changed and centuries have passed. In a fit of depression and with Pandora’s curiosity he opens the chest only to be turned into a two-centuries-old man.

Leaving aside the correct assignation of the site for this map, it is clearly a map as the encircled inscriptions towards each corner are cardinal orientations to west (upper left), north (upper right), south (lower left), and east (lower right). The title shown at the lower edge also clarifies the role of the print as I am told that the inscription reads “Ban (broad) Temple, Sheng Long (Winning Dragon) Mountain Distribution (Map).”

Regarding the artist responsible for this early woodblock map, 六溪写之,I am advised that it is executed by the artist “Roku Kei Utsushi No” (literal transl. “Six streams written”). Sadly, I can find no reference to this artist.






Monday, 19 June 2017

Engraving after Jacob Matham and Abraham Bloemaert, “Parable of the Demon Who, While the Workers Slept, Sowed Weeds among the Wheat”, c.1652


Unidentified engraver from the circle of Jacob Matham
“Parable of the Demon Who, While the Workers Slept, Sowed Weeds among the Wheat” (Matthew 13: 24-30, 36-40), c.1652, from the series of 130 engravings (plus title-page). “Historiae Sacrae Veteris et Novi Testamenti” (a Picture Bible), in reverse after Jacob Matham (1571–1631) (TIB 4[3].75[150]), after a drawing by Abraham Bloemaert (aka Abraham Bloemaart) (1564–1651), published by Nicolaes Visscher I (aka Claes Claesz Visscher) (1618–79).

Engraving on laid paper, watermarked with "Great Coat of Arms Crowned", lined onto a conservator’s support sheet.
Size: (sheet trimmed unevenly) 46.5 x 62.5 cm; (plate) 41 x 53.5 cm; (image borderline) 36.5 x 52.5 cm
Lettered with production details, in lower left and right of the image: "Abraham Bloemaert inventor" and "CIViβcher Excu.". Lettered in the lower margin with biblical verse in Latin: "DUM DORMIUNT HOMINES INIMICUS ZIZANIA INTERSERIT TRITICO. Math. 13. 24."

Hollstein 488 (after A. Bloemaert); Roethlisberger 1993 84; Hollstein undescribed (Visscher)
The British Museum offers the following description of this print:
“The Parable of the Tares among the Wheat (Matthew 13: 24-30, 36-40 - while the farmers sleep, the devil sows weeds among the wheat); large trees in the central foreground with three sleeping figures in the shade at right; beyond some farm buildings and at left a horned figure sowing …” (http://www.britishmuseum.org/research/collection_online/collection_object_details.aspx?objectId=3465957&partId=1&searchText=ABRAHAM+BLOEMAERT+devil&page=1)

Condition: strong impression of this large engraving. The sheet has generous margins and the original centre fold is visible but flattened as the sheet has been laid onto a conservator’s support sheet of millennium quality washi paper.  The margins show signs of use as there are marks and small tears (addressed by the support sheet).

I am selling exceptionally large and very beautiful—perhaps even magnificent—engraving in reverse after Jacob Matham for AU$403 (currently US$306.28/EUR273.56/GBP239.26 at the time of this listing) including postage and handling to anywhere in the world.
If you are interested in purchasing this spectacular print, please contact me (oz_jim@printsandprinciples.com) and I will send you a PayPal invoice to make the payment easy.

This print has been sold


For those (like me) who may be unfamiliar with the growing of wheat during Biblical times, the plant called “tares” that the devil—note his horns and tail—is shown sowing in the ploughed field “is an injurious weed resembling corn when young.” Specifically, it is “Lolium temulentum, a species of rye-grass, the seeds of which are a strong soporific poison. It bears the closest resemblance to wheat till the ear appears, and only then the difference is discovered. It grows plentifully in Syria and Palestine.” (see http://www.biblestudytools.com/dictionary/tares/).

The significance of the devil sowing tares in this illustration of the parable, Matthew 13: 24-30, 36-40, is that this deadly weed “if eaten, produce[s] convulsions, and even death” (op.cit.) but the point of the parable is NOT that the farm workers should have being diligent in their duties to detect this plant and failed because they are sleeping when they should be working. Instead, I understand that farm workers should not be diligent and leave the tares in the field until it matures and extract it at that time.

Mindful that “proper”/best farm practice is to leave tares to mature rather than early extraction fits well with Jesus’ teachings that non-believers should not be hunted down and rooted out from the field of faithful, as was the case during the dreadful times of the Inquisition, the Crusades and the reign of “Bloody Mary.” Instead, the false followers should be left for God’s will and by leaving the non-believers undisturbed with the faithful will prevent “immature and innocent believers” from being hurt during any process of extraction. (see https://www.gotquestions.org/parable-wheat-tares.html

(Please note that I am presently an agnostic and so my knowledge of Church scripture is superficial ... despite having been an altar boy “on the Gospel side” in my early youth.)






Saturday, 17 June 2017

Alexandre Calame’s etching “Forest of fir trees with a stream to the left”, 1845


Alexandre Calame (aka Alexandre Calam; Alexandre Calamy) (1810–64)
“Forest of Fir Trees with a Stream to the Left”, 1845, plate 16 from the series “Essais de gravure à l'eau forte par Alexandre Calame, III”, 1838/1850, incorporating four sets of landscape etchings (45 in total).

Etching on chine collé on wove paper with full margins as published.
Size: (sheet) 27.5 x 39.6 cm; (plate) 11 x 16.2 cm; (image borderline) 10.5 x 15.8 cm
Inscribed within the image borderline at lower left, “A. Calame”
Inscribed below the image borderline at lower right: “Genve 1845”

Calabi & Schreiber-Favre 1937 29 (III) (Calabi, Augusto; Schreiber-Favre, Alfred, “Les Eaux-Fortes et les lithographies d'Alexandre Calame, Die Graphischen Künste” (1937): 64-77, 110-117., 1937)

The British Museum offers the following description of this print:
“Forest of fir trees with a stream to left”, 1845”
See also the description of this print held by The National Gallery of Art and a scroll view of the other prints in the series:

Condition: crisp and near faultless impression in pristine condition with full margins as published. The impression is set slightly off-square on the sheet.

I am selling this spectacularly beautiful etching in perfect condition executed by one of the most important of the Swiss landscape artists of the 19th century, for AU$144 (currently US$109.67/EUR98.18/GBP85.88 at the time of this listing) including postage and handling to anywhere in the world.
If you are interested in purchasing this poetic image of fir trees lining a stream that expresses the “bite” of Alpine air, please contact me (oz_jim@printsandprinciples.com) and I will send you a PayPal invoice to make the payment easy.

This print has been sold


Calame’s prints are pure visual poetry and this etching is one of his finest—but, then again, I would say that about all of his prints as they are equally beautiful.

To help explain what I see as marvellous about this particular image I wish to draw attention to the use of tone and the way that Calame uses line.

One of the first things that I notice when looking at this print is the tonal “jump” from the dark foreground of tree trunks, shown on the right side of the scene, to the much lighter grey tones of distant trees beyond the stream, shown on the left. This visual device of portraying landscape features as lighter in tone towards the distance is, of course, a well-known and often applied a form of perspective (i.e. a way of achieving the illusion of spatial depth) what I wish to describe as “tonal perspective”. What makes Calame’s use of tonal perspective interesting to me is that he has combined this type of perspective with aerial perspective (i.e. a perspective where the landscape progressively diminishes in focal clarity towards the distance from “in-focus” to “out-of-focus”). What really makes Calame’s treatment of spatial depth masterful is that he combines visual phenomena of how the eye tends to perceive distance with a very special attribute: a change in tactile appearance expressed as spatial depth.

What I mean by this curious description is that Calame renders the foreground tree trunks with an insightful mixture of mimetic marks (i.e. marks that mimic surface textures) and contour marks (i.e. marks that are curved to match the portrayed subject’s form). By contrast, and through progressive evolution in the application of this very special tactile/haptic perspective (i.e. a perspective for the visual equivalents of texture and touch), Calame renders the far distant features with aligned vertical or horizontal strokes.

I would love to extend this description of the visual devices that Calame employs by suggesting that his use of line not only describes his observations but also connotes the notion of how Alpine air “bites” the nose with cold dryness … but I suspect that I may be pushing the boundaries of what is believable and can be seen easily without too much debate.





Alexandre Calame’s etching “Trees Overhanging a Pond”, 1845


Alexandre Calame (aka Alexandre Calam; Alexandre Calamy) (1810–64)
“Trees Overhanging a Pond”, 1845, from the series “Essais de gravure à l'eau forte par Alexandre Calame, III”, 1838/1850, incorporating four sets of landscape etchings (45 in total).

Etching on wove paper with full margins as published.
Size: (sheet) 27.5 x 39.6 cm; (plate) 11 x 16.2 cm; (image borderline) 10.5 x 15.8 cm
Signed by the artist in the plate at upper right corner.

Calabi & Schreiber-Favre 1937 30 (Calabi, A., and A. Schreiber-Favre. "Les eaux-fortes et les lithographies d'Alexandre Calame " Die graphischen Kunste 2 [1937]: IV, 50)

The British Museum offers the following description of this print:
“Riverscape; the branches of a tree are hanging over the water to left. 1845”
See also the description of this print held by The National Gallery of Art and a scroll view of the other prints in the series:

Condition: richly inked faultless impression in pristine condition with full margins as published. The impression is set slightly off-square on the sheet.

I am selling this spectacularly beautiful etching in perfect condition executed by one of the most important of the Swiss landscape artists of the 19th century, for AU$144 (currently US$109.67/EUR98.18/GBP85.88 at the time of this listing) including postage and handling to anywhere in the world.
If you are interested in purchasing this poetic image of trees arched over water with the tiniest glimpses of sky peeking through the foliage, please contact me (oz_jim@printsandprinciples.com) and I will send you a PayPal invoice to make the payment easy.

This print has been sold


This must be one of the most unassuming and poetically magical prints of the 19th century. Of course, everyone has their own opinion of what a poetic image looks like and my comment that it is “unassuming” is entirely framed by personal ideas about what is understood by the word "unassuming", but I wonder how close I am to my view of this simply gorgeous print?

Let me explain what I like about it.

I like/love the way that Calame uses only tiny spots of light—like small windows—to illuminate the dense canopy of foliage hanging over the pond. For me, these glimpses of sky peeking through the trees are like jewels of light framed by the darkness surrounding them.

I also like the way that Calame has “moved in” on the scene by cropping the image so that the eye is focused on the screen of arched trees, or more specifically, the denseness of the trees. For me, this cropping of the foliage to only show the lower limbs of the trees ensures that the eye/brain—my eye/brain—is very conscious of the skeletal structure of the trees and to perceive the limbs as like supporting springs for the foliage canopy. In a sense this is where the poetry of the print arises: the expressed energy of the tree limbs in darkness.





Stefano della Bella’s etching of two camels and a pyramid, c.1641


Stefano della Bella (1610–64)
“Two camels, a seated figure and a pyramid” (descriptive title only), c.1641, plate 18 from the series of 24 plates featuring various animals, “Diversi Animali”, published either in 1772 by Pierre François Basan (1723–1797) Paris or in 1818 by HR Young (fl.c.1820).

Note that the curator of the British Museum advises that the series, “Diversi Animali” was “thought by De Vesme [see Alexandre De Vesme’s catalogue raisonné, “Stefano della Bella”, revised by Phyllis D Massar, 1971] to date to c.1648, the series appears to actually date from c.1641 as it is mentioned in an inventory of that year” (see curator’s comment for BM number 1871,0513.560).

Etching on fine laid paper trimmed at the platemark and lined onto a conservator’s support sheet.

Size: (sheet) 8.8 x 10.9 cm
Lettered below image with production detail: "S. della Bella fecit Cum privil."
State iii (of iii).

Regarding the states, the curator of the BM advises that there “are three states of this series: first, without lettering, second with the address of Mariette and third, with the name of Mariette erased and some retouching” (see BM number 1871,0513.560). I understand that there were two editions published in the third state of this print. The first was the 1772 Pierre François Basan edition when he owned the plates and the second was the H.R. Young edition of 1818 (see Alexandre de Vesme’s catalogue raisonné, revised by Phyllis Dearborn Massar (1971), “Stefano della Bella”, pp. 201–02).

De Vesme/Massar 1971 707.III; Charles Antoine Jombert 1772 Cat 140-18

The British Museum offers the following description of this print:
“Plate 18; camel standing, seen from behind, with another camel standing behind to right and a man seated on the ground, and a pyramid behind to left. c.1641” (http://www.britishmuseum.org/research/collection_online/collection_object_details.aspx?objectId=1498329&partId=1&searchText=della+bella+camel&page=1); see also the description of the print at the Metropolitan Museum of Art: http://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/377027

Condition: crisp and well-printed impression, trimmed along the platemark. The sheet is in excellent condition and has been laid onto a conservator’s support sheet of millennium quality washi paper.

I am selling this remarkable etching by one of the famous old master printmakers of the late Renaissance/Mannerist period for AU$152 (currently US$115.76/EUR103.63/GBP90.65 at the time of posting this listing) including postage and handling to anywhere in the world.

If you are interested in purchasing this rare early illustration of a camels near a pyramid, with the camel in the foreground clearly in need of a good drink—based on my reading of its deflated water tanks/humps—please contact me (oz_jim@printsandprinciples.com) and I will send you a PayPal invoice to make the payment easy.

This print has been sold






Friday, 16 June 2017

Jacob Matham’s series of four engravings, “The Parable of the Prodigal Son”


Jacob Matham (1571–1631)
“The Parable of the Prodigal Son”, 1592, series of four engravings after Karel van Mander I (1548–1606)

Upper left
Plate 1: “The Prodigal Son Receives His Birthright”
Upper right
Plate 2: “He Dissipates His Wealth on Pleasures of the Table”
Lower left
Plate 3: “He is Reduced to a Swineherd”
Lower right
Plate 4: “The Return of the Prodigal Son”

I am selling this complete set of four prints for the total cost of AU$740 (currently US$560.87/EUR502.39/GBP238.89 at the time of posting this listing) including postage and handling to anywhere in the world.
If you are interested in purchasing this important and COMPLETE set of prints from the Renaissance era, please contact me (oz_jim@printsandprinciples.com) and I will send you a PayPal invoice to make the payment easy.

This set of print has been sold


“The Prodigal Son Receives His Birthright”, 1592, after Karel van Mander I (1548–1606), plate 1 from the series of four plates, “The Parable of the Prodigal Son” (Luke 15: 11-32).

Engraving on fine laid paper
Size: (sheet cut irregularly) 25 x 18.2 cm; (plate) 23.8 x 17.4 cm; (image borderline) 22.3 x 16.9 cm
Lettered in lower left corner "KVM. Inuent. / IMaetham. schulp.". Numbered in lower left corner "1" and dated "1592". With two columns of text, each two lines "Prodigus ... futuri" by "FE" (Franco Estius).

TIB 4(3).172(173) (Walter L Strauss & Robert A Koch [Eds.] 1980, “The Illustrated Bartsch”, vol. 4, p. 157); Bartsch III.173.172; New Hollstein (Dutch & Flemish) 26.I (Jacob Matham); New Hollstein (Dutch & Flemish) 52.I (Karel van Mander); Hollstein 64

The British Museum offers the following description of the print:
“The prodigal son receiving his inheritance; the son, with a sword, stands before a table listening to his father (wearing a skullcap), who sits at a table with an open chest and reading from a piece of paper.” (http://www.britishmuseum.org/research/collection_online/collection_object_details.aspx?objectId=1480942&partId=1&searchText=1928,1212.49&page=1)

Condition: strong impression with a printer’s crease (i.e. a fine fold created during the printing process) but this crease has been touched with tone to hide the defect. There are replenished losses at the top left corner and margin. Beyond this issue the sheet is in very good condition and laid upon a conservator’s support sheet. 







“He Dissipates His Wealth on Pleasures of the Table”, 1592, after Karel van Mander I (1548–1606), plate 2 from the series of four plates, “The Parable of the Prodigal Son” (Luke 15: 11-32).

Engraving on fine laid paper
Size: (sheet cut irregularly) 25.8 x 19.7 cm; (plate) 23.8 x 17.4 cm; (image borderline) 22.2 x 16.9 cm
Numbered in lower left corner "2". With two columns of text, each two lines "Ille iugo ... perundant".

TIB 4(3).173(174) (Walter L Strauss & Robert A Koch [Eds.] 1980, “The Illustrated Bartsch”, vol. 4, p. 158); Bartsch III.174.173; New Hollstein (Dutch & Flemish) 27.I (Jacob Matham); New Hollstein (Dutch & Flemish) 53.I (Karel van Mander); Hollstein 65

The British Museum offers the following description of the print:
“The prodigal son wasting his substance; the son sits at a lavish table, laden with food, flanked by two courtesans; there are two musicians at right sitting on a bench, a boy standing at the table holding a jug and a maid marking a board with the tab in the background.” (http://www.britishmuseum.org/research/collection_online/collection_object_details.aspx?objectId=1480936&partId=1&searchText=Jacob+Matham+prodigal&page=1)

Condition: strong impression with a printer’s crease (i.e. a fine fold created during the printing process) but this crease has been touched with tone to hide the defect. There sheet is in excellent condition generally. There are, nevertheless, a few spots (visible verso) and a piece of tape supporting the printer’s crease (verso). The sheet has been trimmed unevenly with larger margins on the sides and bottom and a thread margin at the top. 







“He is Reduced to a Swineherd”, 1592, after Karel van Mander I (1548–1606), plate 3 from the series of four plates, “The Parable of the Prodigal Son” (Luke 15: 11-32).

Engraving on fine laid paper
Size: (sheet cut irregularly) 25 x 18.2 cm; (plate) 24 x 17.4 cm; (image borderline) 22.3 x 17 cm
Numbered in lower right corner "3". With two columns of text, each two lines "Ach miser ... conuiua lutofis".

TIB 4(3).174(174) (Walter L Strauss & Robert A Koch [Eds.] 1980, “The Illustrated Bartsch”, vol. 4, p. 159); Bartsch III.174.174; New Hollstein (Dutch & Flemish) 28 (Jacob Matham); New Hollstein (Dutch & Flemish) 54.I (Karel van Mander); Hollstein 66

The British Museum offers the following description of the print:
“The prodigal son receiving his inheritance; the son, with a sword, stands before a table listening to his father (wearing a skullcap), who sits at a table with an open chest and reading from a piece of paper.” (http://www.britishmuseum.org/research/collection_online/collection_object_details.aspx?objectId=1480942&partId=1&searchText=1928,1212.49&page=1)

Condition: strong impression in excellent condition and laid upon a conservator’s support sheet. 








“The Return of the Prodigal Son”, 1592, after Karel van Mander I (1548–1606), plate 4 from the series of four plates, “The Parable of the Prodigal Son” (Luke 15: 11-32).

Engraving on fine laid paper trimmed on or within the platemark with replenished losses.
Size: (sheet cut irregularly) 23.7 x 17.4 cm; (image borderline) 22.3 x 17 cm
Lettered below centre "KVM. Inuent. / IMaetham. schulp.". Numbered in lower right corner "4". With two columns of text, each two lines "Hinc patrias ... parantur" by "F.E." (Franco Estius).

TIB 4(3).175(174) (Walter L Strauss & Robert A Koch [Eds.] 1980, “The Illustrated Bartsch”, vol. 4, p. 160); Bartsch III.174.175; New Hollstein (Dutch & Flemish) 29.I (Jacob Matham); New Hollstein (Dutch & Flemish) 55.I (Karel van Mander); Hollstein 67

The British Museum offers the following description of the print:
“The return of the prodigal son; the son, reduced to wearing rags and carrying a staff, kneels before his father who embraces him and holds his hand; a group of people stand by and the scene takes place under a bridge with stairs at r.” (http://www.britishmuseum.org/research/collection_online/collection_object_details.aspx?objectId=1480954&partId=1&searchText=1928,1212.49&page=1)

Condition: strong impression in poor (but restored) condition with replenished losses, printer’s creases and brown spots laid upon a conservator’s support sheet.