- The “law of figure and ground”—a set of rules governing how the viewer distinguishes the figure (i.e. “the pattern that is most clearly perceived at a given time”) from the ground (i.e. the background or “the rest of the perceptual field”)—see http://www.preservearticles.com/201102023813/law-of-figure-ground-relationship-of-perceptual-organization.html (viewed 27 September 2013); and,
- The “law of closure”— a rule that the viewer has the propensity to find linear connections that define a subject's shape and form (i.e. to see complete figures even when part of the information is missing.")—see http://facweb.cs.depaul.edu/sgrais/gestalt_principles.htm (viewed 27 September 2013).
Regarding the “law of figure and ground,” Edgar Rubin (1886–1952), who is probably most famous for his face-and-vase illusion
(see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Figure%E2%80%93ground_(perception) [viewed 11 October 2013]), proposes that there are four attributes in an image which help a viewer to distinguish the figure (i.e. the essential subject) from the ground (i.e. the background)
(see http://www.preservearticles.com/201102023813/law-of-figure-ground-relationship-of-perceptual-organization.html [viewed 27 September 2013]). With a note of apology for my interpretative rewording of Rubin’s ideas, these may be outlined as:
To explain the significance and importance of these attributes in practice, I wish to compare Cornelis Bega’s (1631/1632–64) etching, The Singer (shown below) with Hans Burgkmair’s (1473–1531) woodcut, The Battle of
Cornelis Pietersz Bega (1631/1632–64)
The Singer [Le Chanteur]
Published circa 1816 by McCreery from the original plate
State ll (of ll)
Etching on fine wove paper
(Sheet) 11.7 x 7.8 cm; (Plate) 11.2 x 7.4 cm
Bartsch 7.27; Hollstein 27
Condition: crisp impression with fine margins. The paper is virtually flawless apart from faint discolouration at the corners where the print was once attached to a support sheet.
I am selling this print for a total cost of $96 AUD including postage and handling to anywhere in the world. Please contact me using the email link at the top of the page if you have any questions or click the “Buy Now” button below.
|View of whole sheet|
Detail of Bega’s The Singer
Hans Burgkmair the elder (1473–1531)
illustration in Der Weisskunig
Monogram of Burgkmair “HB” on lower-left cannon
Woodcut on laid paper
22.4 x 19.8 cm
Bartsch Vll.224.80; Hollstein 522; Dodgson ll.95.89.
(See British Museum http://www.britishmuseum.org/research/collection_online/collection_object_details.aspx?objectId=1440535&partId=1&searchText=Hans+Burgkmair&page=3)
Condition: superb and rare early impression with fine margins. There is a small foxing mark in the sky and a thin area visible only on the back.
I am selling this print for a total cost of $212 AUD including postage and handling to anywhere in the world. Please contact me using the email link at the top of the page if you have any questions or click the “Buy Now” button below.
Verso view of The
Detail of Burgkmair’s The
Detail of Burgkmair’s The
Representation of spatial depth by changes in the treatment of outlines
Consistency of approach that does not allow for Rubin’s first rule
Lack of overlapping that does not allow for Rubin’s second and third rule
Foregrounding a subject by association
Digital experiment in visual fragmentation involving elements of Hendrick Goltzius’ prints merged with Marino Marini’s Two Pomonas
Kusumi Morikage (c. 1620–90) (Tokugawa period)
Ink painting on paper
162.6 x 33.5 cm
Mounted as a scroll with wooden scroll ends
Signed with signature and seal: “Morikage”
The attribution of early Japanese paintings is difficult unless one is an expert in this area (which I am not). Consequently, I am presenting this painting as either an original painting by Morikage or by one of his followers.
(See references to Morikage: http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/325540/Kusumi-Morikage; http://www.artgallery.nsw.gov.au/collection/works/246.1984.a-b/;
Condition: wrinkles, surface dustiness, light stains and scuffed areas.
I am selling this hand-painted scroll for a total cost of $746 AUD including postage and handling to anywhere in the world. Please contact me using the email link at the top of the page if you have any questions or click the “Buy Now” button below.
Exploring a three-stage digital reductive process